Metropolitan Center for Psychological Services

What is Depression?

If you asked 100 people who’ve suffered from clinical depression to define their experience, you’ll hear 100 different answers. Depression is a very personal experience that millions of people all over the world experience.

Different people manifest different symptoms, but one thing is certain: depression is a difficult issue that can harm your life, work, and family if left unresolved.

Many people with depression describe it as a sense of despair that engulfs everything they do and everything they feel.

Being depressed is not feeling sad because your favorite team just lost the championship game. Depression is much deeper and more invasive than sadness or frustration.

Depression takes everything away from you; it saps your energy, focus, concentration, and especially your joy. You just don’t care about anything; nothing matters and even the people you love feel burdensome.

If you’re depressed for a long period of time, you become accustomed to the feeling and every other emotion can become unfamiliar and even frightening.

Physical Concerns of Depression

Depression doesn’t only take its toll on your emotions and mental state; it can cause physical problems as well. Depression may cause you to either lose your appetite or eat incessantly. It also zaps your energy and motivation.

When you’re depressed, you tend to become inactive. This alone can cause a number of problems, but when added to some of the other physical side effects of depression, it’s easy to see why depression is a serious issue.

In addition, depression can lead to:

  • Lack of sleep. Depression can cause insomnia, which strips the body of the necessary sleep to function properly.
  • Poor nutrition. When depressed, many people fail to take in proper nutrients. It takes too much effort to plan and prepare a meal. This can cause several health problems.
  • Aches and pains. If anyone tells you that your mental state has no effect on your physical state, they’re wrong. When you’re depressed, the chemicals in the brain that signal pain are as affected as the chemicals in your brain that help you feel happy.
    • Physical aches and pains are increased, which in turn, kicks in the sad feelings and the cycle begins again.
  • Hygiene issues. Someone suffering from depression doesn’t have the energy or the motivation to be concerned with self-care.

What are the Symptoms of Depression?

These are some specific things those with depression experience:

  • Constant and severe sadness about everything
  • Hopelessness
  • Insomnia or trouble sleeping
  • Irritability
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Loss of interest in things that once interested them
  • Feeling worthless, useless and strangely guilty for no reason at all
  • Serious change in weight, one way or the other
  • Lack of energy and fatigue

One thing about depression is certain: it’s a serious condition and should be taken seriously.

As depression progresses, it feeds on itself like a snowball rolling downhill. The longer someone is depressed, the worse the depression gets until they see no way out of it at all. They become resigned to being miserable all the time.

Depression can be caused by a certain event, the change of seasons, a loss of someone close, or even a chemical imbalance in the brain. The treatment for depression usually involves counseling or medication that helps adjust chemicals in the brain.

If you know someone who is depressed, the best thing you can do is help them seek professional assistance from a qualified medical or mental health professional.

If you think you may be depressed, talk to a health care provider. Depression doesn’t have to ruin your life! With help and support, you can conquer your depression, move past it, and go on to live a joyful life.

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